CTSI Community Engagement and Population Health
CEPHR Consultation Service
The Community Engagement and Population Health Research (CEPHR) Core of the CTSI provides guidance and consultation on a variety of methods/approaches in community-oriented and population health to researchers across the translational spectrum. CEPHR provides methods and study design guidance to NYU and HHC affiliated researchers across the translational spectrum, as well as to members of our Community Advisory Board and other key community partners. Consultations may range from one-time requests to being the starting point for funded collaborations. Academic mentors must apply on behalf of residents and doctoral students who wish to have a consultation. Consultation services are subject to availability of faculty and other resources. Limited funds are available to support consultation for researchers who do not have grant or discretionary funds to purchase services. All requests for consultation will be reviewed.
Our goals are:
- To facilitate and support community engagement and population health research;
- To support NYU and HHC researchers to secure extramural funding for community-engaged and population health research;
- To make contributions to general knowledge and to policy on community and population health through research.
CEPHR provides guidance and consultation on a variety of methods and approaches in community-oriented and population health research. Faculty from across the translational spectrum have benefitted from consultations, including the following:
- Guidance in developing a Community Advisory Board for a study of the prevalence of lupus;
- Methodological consultation in cost effectiveness for an adolescent asthma initiative;
- Creation of a survey instrument and quality of life measures for individuals with a disability.
CEPHR offers consultation in these areas:
Community Engagement refers to the process of actively including, employing, and retaining community input in the research process. Community input and outreach play critical roles in: acceptance of and adherence to effective medical therapies; recruitment into clinical trials; dissemination of culturally and linguistically appropriate health-related information; and provision of culturally sensitive health services and programs. Community partnership in the research process often contributes to the meaningful development and translation of scientific findings to effective practices that improve the public health.
Community-based participatory research calls for the active and equal partnership of community stakeholders throughout the research process, including selecting health concerns and research questions, determining study design, recruiting participants, designing instruments, implementing research/interventions and disseminating findings. CBPR is essentially a framework for developing clinical and translational research that entails equitable partnerships between academic and community partners in the research endeavor.
Although community engagement is important as a tool for health equity in its own right, it can also play an important role in articulating the value of research to community members and potential research participants. Identifying community leaders, securing community buy-in and establishing open lines of communication can help improve recruitment and retention in health research, including clinical trials.
Practice-based research studies strategies for implementing, in real-world everyday practice settings, health interventions for which an evidence base already exists from more controlled clinical trial settings.
Comparative effectiveness research addresses the generation and synthesis of evidence that compares the benefits and harms of alternative methods to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor a clinical condition, or to improve the delivery of care.
Cost-effectiveness analysis summarizes the expected benefits, harms, and costs of adopting and translating a clinical recommendation into practice by presenting a ratio of the net costs to the net health outcomes of alternative intervention strategies.
Behavioral economics seeks to understand how human social, cognitive, and emotional factors influence decisions about whether or not to engage in healthy or unhealthy behaviors. It considers that individuals do not always act “rationally” when making choices that affect their long-term best interests.
Implementation research focuses on understanding processes and factors associated with successful integration of evidence-based integrations into particular ‘real-world’ settings. Studies may seek to define the degree to which key elements of the intervention are conserved or adapted in specific settings, and to identify strategies for fostering integration into diverse settings.
Dissemination research is the systematic study of processes and factors that lead to widespread use of an evidence-based intervention by the target population. Its focus is to identify the best methods that enhance the uptake and utilization of the intervention (Rabin et al, JPHMP 2008).
Social epidemiology is the study of the social distribution and determinants of health and disease in a population. Methodological approaches to measuring social determinants of health employs a population-based, multi-level approach to understanding the social context in which health behaviors and disease risk occurs. The role and measurement of socioeconomic status, social capital, discrimination, and stress on health are examples of areas of interest in social epidemiology.
If you are interested in receiving consultancy services in one of these areas, please fill out an online application.
If you have questions or problems with the online form, please contact:
Claudia Calhoon, MPH
Investigators must credit the NYU-HHC CTSI grant in all publications or media resulting from the utilization of its resources and must comply with the NIH Public Access Policy. The following manuscript citation is suggested: “Supported in part by grant UL1 TR000038 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health”.